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Latinamerica Press
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Latin America and the Caribbean, Argentina, Dominican Republic’s, Mexico, Peru, Brazil, Honduras

Nearly 50 percent of working women in Latin America and the Caribbean are in low- productivity jobs with little social protection (often as domestic help, self-employment or in companies of up to five employees), the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) noted in a report released on Nov. 18, which evaluates two decades of gender policies in the region in the context of the 20th anniversary of the Fourth World Conference on Women, held in Beijing in 1995. The document states that “public policies have not been able to improve access of women to the labor market and to ensure its permanence throughout their life cycle, resulting in a clear disadvantage with their male counterparts when it comes to having a labor trajectory and access to equal pay as men, and the right to a pension to face old age with dignity and without dependence.”

In early November, the trial began in Argentina against journalist Agustín Bottinelli for the publication in 1979 of a fake interview with the mother of a disappeared person. At the time, Bottinelli was editor-in-chief of the magazine Para Ti, which supported the military dictatorship that ruled the country from 1976 to 1983. In the article, “Mother of a dead rebel speaks out,” detainee Thelma Jara de Cabezas, who was being held at a secret detention center, was presented as repentant, describing how the guerilla had tricked her son Gustavo Cabezas into taking up arms. However, Argentine authorities allege Bottinelli and other journalists fabricated the interview as part of the dictatorship’s apparatus of concealment and psychological actions to show there were no kidnappings and disappearances in the country.

The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) condemned the Nov. 4 decision of the Dominican Republic’s Constitutional Court, which declared unconstitutional the instrument accepting the jurisdiction of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, which was deposited with the Organization of American States (OAS) in 1999. The Constitutional Court’s judgment “has no basis whatsoever in international law,” and therefore the country cannot refuse to comply with the rulings of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, the IACHR said. Furthermore, the IACHR expressed its concern over the Dominican government’s decision rejecting a judgment delivered by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights on Aug. 28, 2014, related to human rights violations that result from structural discrimination against Dominican citizens of Haitian descent who live in the country.
During a Nov. 15 meeting in Oventic, Chiapas, Mexico, with commanders of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) and representatives of the Councils of Good Government from autonomous Zapatista municipalities, parents of the 43 Ayotzinapa students reported that they have been the victims of harassment and threats for demanding from authorities that their children be returned alive. Those attending the meeting launched a national movement to demand the whereabouts of missing persons, and justice for those extrajudicially executed in the country. After the students’ disappearance on Sept. 26, allegedly ordered by the former mayor of the city of Iguala in the state of Guerrero, the government has failed to announce any progress on finding the young men.

Global Witness, an international organization that investigates and reports on the economic interests behind conflicts, corruption, and environmental destruction, considers Peru to be the fourth most dangerous country in the world for environmental activists, behind Brazil, Honduras, and the Philippines. Since 2002, 57 Peruvian environmentalists have been assassinated — more than 60 percent of those in the last four years. In the report, “Peru’s deadly environment,” released on Nov. 17, Global Witness questions the lack of environmental commitment in the country, which is hosting the 20th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP20) from Dec. 1-12.

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