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LATIN AMERICA / THE CARIBBEAN
LATIN AMERICA / THE CARIBBEAN: Gender violence does not yield
Latinamerica Press
11/24/2016
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According to UN Women, 98 percent of femicides and acts of violence against women go unpunished.

An average of 12 women in Latin America and the Caribbean die victims of femicide each day. This is according to what Alicia Bárcena, Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) reported during the inauguration of the 13th Regional Conference on Women in Latin America and the Caribbean, held on Oct. 25-28 in Montevideo, Uruguay.

 “We need countries free of gender violence, free of femicide, free of women’s deaths at the hands of their spouses,” Marina Arismendi, Minister of Social Development of Uruguay, said during an event.

Bárcenas, on her behalf, said that “we must put a definitive end to the gender violence in our countries.”

“Reality today batters us with scandalous figures of sexist violence in Latin America and the Caribbean, where, on average, 12 women die daily just because they are women,” she said.

In 2014, according to the Gender Equality Observatory for Latin America and the Caribbean (OIG) of ECLAC, 2,089 women were victims of femicide in the region. Honduras tops the list with 531 deaths.

The Organization of American States (OAS) defines that “femicide is the violent death of women based on gender, whether it occurs within the family, a domestic partnership, or any other interpersonal relationship; in the community, by any person, or when it is perpetrated or tolerated by the state or its agents, by action or omission.”
While already 15 countries in the region have passed laws that penalize femicide, it is still difficult to grasp the magnitude of the problem.

“It is not possible to obtain quality data in most of the countries in the region in order to identify the cases in which the aggressor took the life of the woman for reasons related to gender, that is to say, femicides,” points out the study “La violencia feminicida en México, aproximaciones y tendencias 1985-2014” (Femicide violence in Mexico, approximations and trends 1985-2014),  published in April 2016 by UN Women, the Interior Ministry and the National Institute of Women of Mexico.

According to UN Women, 14.4 percent of the 324 million Latin American and Caribbean women have been victims of violence perpetrated by their partners at least once in their lives. Also, it says that of the 25 countries in the world with the highest number of femicides and where most violence against women takes place, 14 are Latin American countries
. —Latinamerica Press.

LATIN AMERICA / THE CARIBBEAN
Femicides 2014
Country
Absolute number
Rate per 100,00 women
Honduras
531
12.9
Argentina
225
1.02
Guatemala
217
2.68
El Salvador
183
5.46
Dominican Republic
188
3.61
Colombia
145
0.58
Ecuador
97
1.02
Peru
90
0.59
Puerto Rico
44
2.30
Chile
40
0.45
Nicaragua
36
1.16
Paraguay
32
0.94
Panama
26
1.34
Uruguay
24
1.36
Costa Rica
14
0.58
Suriname
7
2.60
Jamaica
9
0.60
Trinidad and Tobago
5
0.70
Barbados
2
1.40
Grenada
1
1.90
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
1
1.80
Saint Lucia
1
1.10

Source: OIG/ECLAC


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