Sunday, March 26, 2017
Subscribers Section User ID Password
LATIN AMERICA / THE CARIBBEAN
“Work for Human Development”
Latinamerica Press
12/21/2015
Send a comment Print this page

The 2015 Human Development Report calls for improving working conditions in order to curb inequality

“A stronger focus on work — leveraging the talents of women and men alike — is needed to contain widening inequalities,” estates the 2015 Human Development Report, entitled “Work for Human Development”, released on Dec. 14 by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

In addition, the report “promotes sustainability and equitable and decent work for all, through encouraging governments to considers the many kinds of work — such as unpaid care, voluntary and creative work — that are important to human development.”

The enormous gender inequality in the labor market in the region is highlighted by the report.

“The report confirms that women in Latin America and the Caribbean face the triple challenge of working outside the home, caring for their own children and increasingly for the older generation, further increasing unpaid work,” said Jessica Faieta, director of UNDP’s Regional Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean. “In order to meet the new Sustainable Development Goals, the region needs to address the care burden, an important step to leave no-one behind.”

In Latin America and the Caribbean, women earn 19 percent less than men and are often excluded from senior management positions. According to the Inter-American Development Bank, female top managers in the region earn on average only about half of male top managers’ salaries. The report also indicates that the wage gap between indigenous ethnic groups and the rest of the population is estimated at 38 percent.

The UNDP has proposed a three-pronged action agenda that includes a New Social Contract between governments, society, and the private sector, to ensure that all members of society, especially those working outside the formal sector, have their needs taken into account; a Global Deal among governments to guarantee workers’ rights and benefits around the world; and, a Decent Work Agenda, encompassing all workers, that will help promote freedom of association, equity, security, and human dignity in work life.

“Human progress will benefit when everyone who wants to work has an opportunity to do so under decent circumstances,” said report lead author Selim Jahan.
—Latinamerica Press.

LATIN AMERICA/THE CARIBBEAN
Human Development Index (HDI) 2015
Country
Rank
HDI*
IHDI**
Argentina
40
0.836
0.711
Chile
42
0.832
0.672
Uruguay
52
0.793
0.678
Bahamas
55
0.790
n.d
Barbados
57
0.785
n.d
Antigua and Barbuda
58
0.783
n.d
Panama
60
0.780
0.604
Trinidad y Tobago
64
0.772
0.654
Cuba
67
0.769
n.d
Costa Rica
69
0.766
0.613
Venezuela
71
0.762
0.612
Mexico
74
0.756
0.587
Brazil
75
0.755
0.557
Saint Kitts and Nevis
77
0.752
n.d
Peru
84
0.734
0.563
Ecuador
88
0.732
0.570
Saint Lucia
89
0.729
0.613
Dominica
94
0.724
n.d
Colombia
97
0.720
0.542

Saint Vincent and the Granadines

97
0.720
n.d
Jamaica
99
0.719
0.593
Belize
101
0.715
0.553
Dominican Republic
101
0.715
0.546
Suriname
103
0.714
0.543
Paraguay
112
0.679
0.529
El Salvador
116
0.666
0.488
Bolivia
119
0.662
0.472
Nicaragua
125
0.631
0.480
Guatemala
128
0.627
0.443
Honduras
131
0.606
0.412
Haiti
163
0.483
0.296

*Measures the average advances in health, education and income; values range from 1 to 0, with 1 being the highest HDI.
**Inequality-adjusted HDI, which calculates how the progress of each country is distributed among the three dimensions of the HDI:  life expectancy, years of schooling and income. According to the IHDI, Latin America and the Caribbean loses 25 percent of human development due to inequality.
Source: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).


Compartir
Latinamerica Press / Noticias Aliadas
Reproduction of our information is permitted if the source is cited.
Contact us: (511) 460 3025 / (511) 460 5517
Address: Comandante Gustavo Jiménez 480, Magdalena del Mar, Lima 17, Perú
Email: webcoal@comunicacionesaliadas.org

Internal Mail: https://mail.noticiasaliadas.org
This website is updated every week.