LATIN AMERICA / THE CARIBBEAN
“Work for Human Development”
Latinamerica Press 12/21/2015
The 2015 Human Development Report calls for improving working conditions in order to curb inequality
“A stronger focus on work — leveraging the talents of women and men alike — is needed to contain widening inequalities,” estates the 2015 Human Development Report, entitled “Work for Human Development”, released on Dec. 14 by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
In addition, the report “promotes sustainability and equitable and decent work for all, through encouraging governments to considers the many kinds of work — such as unpaid care, voluntary and creative work — that are important to human development.”
The enormous gender inequality in the labor market in the region is highlighted by the report.
“The report confirms that women in Latin America and the Caribbean face the triple challenge of working outside the home, caring for their own children and increasingly for the older generation, further increasing unpaid work,” said Jessica Faieta, director of UNDP’s Regional Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean. “In order to meet the new Sustainable Development Goals, the region needs to address the care burden, an important step to leave no-one behind.”
In Latin America and the Caribbean, women earn 19 percent less than men and are often excluded from senior management positions. According to the Inter-American Development Bank, female top managers in the region earn on average only about half of male top managers’ salaries. The report also indicates that the wage gap between indigenous ethnic groups and the rest of the population is estimated at 38 percent.
The UNDP has proposed a three-pronged action agenda that includes a New Social Contract between governments, society, and the private sector, to ensure that all members of society, especially those working outside the formal sector, have their needs taken into account; a Global Deal among governments to guarantee workers’ rights and benefits around the world; and, a Decent Work Agenda, encompassing all workers, that will help promote freedom of association, equity, security, and human dignity in work life.
“Human progress will benefit when everyone who wants to work has an opportunity to do so under decent circumstances,” said report lead author Selim Jahan. —Latinamerica Press.
LATIN AMERICA/THE CARIBBEAN
Human Development Index (HDI) 2015
Antigua and Barbuda
Trinidad y Tobago
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Vincent and the Granadines
*Measures the average advances in health, education and income; values range from 1 to 0, with 1 being the highest HDI.
**Inequality-adjusted HDI, which calculates how the progress of each country is distributed among the three dimensions of the HDI: life expectancy, years of schooling and income. According to the IHDI, Latin America and the Caribbean loses 25 percent of human development due to inequality.
Source: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Compartir